Jonathan D. Meeks - Honors in Psychology
Music Enhances Performance of But Not Recovery From Aerobic Exercise


Two experiments assessed the effects of music on performance and recovery from a 10-minute exercise bike ride. Experiment 1 sought to replicate and further validate previous findings suggesting that music enhances performance and leads to lower levels of perceived exertion. Experiment 2 investigated the effects of music on recovery following exercise. Both experiments utilized the same methods. In both experiments, male college students rode an exercise bike as hard as they could for 10 minutes. In Experiment 1, the participants listened to music, noise, or nothing (the experimental treatment) during the bike ride but not in the subsequent 30-minute recovery period. In Experiment 2, the experimental treatment occurred during recovery but not during the bike ride. In Experiment 1, the participants traveled significantly farther while listening to music and had lower levels of perceived exertion than the other groups, but the groups did not differ in HR during the bike ride or recovery. In Experiment 2, listening to music when recovering from exercise did not lead to faster recovery of baseline HR than noise or no music. The present research suggests that listening to music while engaging in aerobic exercise is beneficial, but that music does not aid in the recovery process.