David W. Rodwell, III
Antibiotic Resistance Patterns in Staphylococcus aureus

Antibiotic resistance has been a growing threat to public health and the spread of disease worldwide. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been known for years to be a major cause of nosocomial infection. However, recent outbreaks of MRSA outside of a healthcare setting have been alarming. This study focuses on two locations in the Farmville, VA area: Southside Community Hospital and Hampden-Sydney College. Nasal swab samples were cultured from volunteers from both locations and tested for resistance to eight common antibiotics, focusing primarily on resistance in S. aureus. Results tend to indicate a higher prevalence of resistance among hospital isolates when compared to those from the community setting at Hampden-Sydney College. The problem of antibiotic resistance should be examined in greater detail by healthcare workers and the general public in order to learn more about the development of resistance among pathogens that are making their way into the community.